NYC Student Recital!

Congratulations to our New York City Strings & Piano students for performing a beautiful solo recital last Sunday at the National Opera Center! The students have been hard at work preparing for their solo debuts. We heard selections from Suzuki Violin Volumes 1 and 2. The pianists performed a selection of lovely pieces, including Bartok and Star Wars. Way to go, everyone!!

NYC Piano Recital
NYC Violin Recital
NYC Piano Recital
NYC Violin Recital
NYC Piano Recital
NYC Violin Recital
City Strings and Piano Recital
NYC Violin Recital
NYC Piano Recital
NYC City Strings Violin Recital
NYC Piano Recital

Practicing at the Right Time Leads to Big Results

Violin Lessons Practice

Congratulations to Ella in New York City--she is this month's most improved practicer! Ella just started playing the violin in the winter and has been doing a wonderful job in her lessons. Finding the time to practice can be hard, though, when you are adding a whole new activity to your schedule. After trying several different approaches and strategies, we discovered that practicing in the morning before school was the best time for Ella and her family. If you can work it into your morning routine, it can be ideal for establishing a regular practice habit. Not only does it ensure that practice doesn't get pushed aside by other things that come up during the day, but it also allows your child to approach the violin with a fresh mind and spirit! Give it a try--we think it can lead to great results! Once Ella started practicing in the mornings, she began to learn all of her songs so much more quickly and is almost done with Twinkle. And look at that violin position, it's so impressive! Congratulations to Ella! Keep waking up to practice every morning!

Declan Made it to the Two Year Practice Club!


Congratulations, Declan! He hasn't missed a single day of violin practicing for TWO WHOLE YEARS! Declan is 6 years old, attends CHCA, and studies violin with Mrs. Jennifer in Cincinnati. He started studying violin at the age of 3, and is about to graduate from Suzuki Violin Volume 1.  He was interview on his practice success by his teacher, and here's what he had to say:

How much do you practice? "I practice 10 to 15 minutes a night because you don't learn anything if you only practice for 5 minutes."

Do you have any violin tips? "It is important to keep your jaw in the jaw rest and not your chin because that is how you hold your violin the right way."

Any practice advice? "You need a helper that knows the notes (Mom) so you know what to play; when you have a helper that only hums the tune (Dad) you do not know what notes to play."

Way to go, Declan! Keep up the hard work!!

Matthew M. Recieves a Superior Rating at Solo and Ensemble!

Congratulations to 17 year old Matthew McNamara for receiving a superior rating at the Minnesota State High School League Solo and Ensemble Festival! Matthew was honored with a score of 39/40 for his performance of J.S. Bach's Arioso for solo cello. He received specific praise for his "lovely, even vibrato and sound". Matthew is a junior representing Mounds View High School in Arden Hills, MN.

When asked what he believes has been his toughest challenge in practicing the cello, he responded that bow control and contact point have been his focus. He is most proud of accomplishing a sense of ease in his shifting, and developing the ability to choose his own fingerings. Matthew is currently a student of Ms. Courtney Van Cleef in Minneapolis- Saint Paul.

Eleanor is the newest 100 Day Practice Club Member!

Violin Practice

Congratulations to Eleanor for earning her membership into the 100 Day Practice Club! Admittance to the club requires 100 consecutive days of violin practice- not an easy feat!!

Over the past 3 months, Eleanor made huge strides in her violin playing. She had learned all the notes and bowing to the first 8 songs in Suzuki Book One, but always made mistakes! She decided to really focus as she practiced, and kept track of the number of wrong notes in each performance. Everyday, her number of wrong notes got smaller and smaller, and before she knew it, she was able to perform all 8 pieces without a single slip up! No thats what I call focus and dedication! Eleanor didn't just focus on review songs, she also learned 3 brand new pieces during her 100 days!

Eleanor has also worked really hard on her note reading and letter names. Now, she knows all the note names for the A string and E string. You can read more about her note reading strategies here. Way to go Eleanor, you rock!

Congrats to all our performers at the Spring 2017 Recital!

This spring's violin and piano recitals in Cincinnati, OH were awesome! Every single performer played incredibly well, and we had a lot of fun! We had performances ranging from "Pepperoni Pizza" all the way to J.S. Bach's Violin Partitas. The performers' ages ranged from 3 years old to adult, and we heard wonderful performances on violin, viola, cello, and piano. Way to go, everyone! Check out the pictures below!

Great App for Mastering Pitches!

NoteWorks: Note Reading App for Pitches

Chicago Music Lessons

Note reading can be one of the most difficult aspects of learning an instrument! There are two main pieces of information that each note gives you; the pitch and the rhythm. For pitch, students must learn to recognize the location of the note head on the staff, and determine if it's high or low, or on a line or space. Each line and each space on the musical staff are associated with a different pitch on your instrument.

Noteworks is one of my favorite apps for teaching pitch! The graphics are fun, but more importantly, the progression of pitches introduced with each level is great! If you choose a "custom game", there are a lot of features to play around with. Students can choose from 4 different speeds, so they can track their progress. 

NYC Music lessons

The very first level covers a perfect 5th in C Major, starting on middle C. Once you have mastered those notes, you can gradually advance all the way to level 6, which covers 3 octaves in the key of C. You can also choose any of the 14 major keys with accidentals.

Noteworks is a really engaging tool to help students of all levels learn to read pitches. It is designed with piano students in mind, but it works really well for violinists, violists and cellists as well! It is available for Apple and Android, and costs $4.99 for the full app.

100 Day Practice Club for the Second Time!

Cincinnati Violin Lessons

Congratulations to Penelope W. for practicing 100 consecutive days for the 2nd time this year! Penelope has studied Suzuki Violin with Cincinnati Strings for the last year and a half.  In her most recent 100 day practice streak, she has made huge strides in her violin playing. She mastered the first half of Suzuki Violin Book 2, and is currently working on Witches Dance by Paganini. 

In her first 100 day practice streak, Penelope worked really hard to master proper violin posture, bow holds, intonation, and sound quality. Her hard work in the beginning has really paid off, because now she is free to focus on more elaborate techniques in her violin playing.  She has progressed quickly through Book 2, and is working on note reading and advanced bowing patterns.

So far, her favorite piece is Waltz by Brahms. In this piece, she focuses on crescendos, dynamics, and bow distribution. She is continuing on with her practice streak, and hopes to make it to 200 consecutive days! Her goals for the next 100 days are to improve her fluency with note reading and to finish Suzuki Violin Book 2. Way to go, Penelope!!

Learn to Read Music, by Writing Music!

violin note reading


Eleanor S. has been working really hard on her pitch naming and music reading skills! At first, she only knew the finger number for each note on her violin. Over the past couple months, we’ve worked on calling notes by their letter name. One way to solidify this concept is to learn to notate the pitches in your own compositions! Can you imagine learning to spell words without the ability to write them down?

First, we had to learn the basics of musical notation; the 5 lines and 4 spaces on the staff, treble clef, and note head placement. We also had to learn that notes placed near the top of the staff were high, and notes near the bottom were low.

We started with just a few notes on the staff; A, B, and C#. She was assigned to write a few songs using those notes, by notating them by herself. After composing the songs, she learned to play them on her violin, and her pieces came to life!


Last week, I asked her to write out a new song. I told her the letter names, and she wrote the notes down. Then, I asked her to play the song by reading her homemade sheet music. It didn’t take long for her to figure out that she was playing Jingle Bells!

Learning to notate your own compositions gives meaning to note reading. Students can take ownership over their own musical ideas and share their compositions with others. Eleanor is getting better and better at her letter names for notes, and now she understands the basics of music reading and composition. She has mastered A, B, C#, D, E and F#, and she'll know the entire A Major scale before you know it! Way to go, Eleanor!


Student of the Week: Ella F.

Cincinnati Violin Tutor

Congratulations to Ella F. for earning Student of the Week! Ella is 8 years old and takes violin lessons with Ms. Cara. She has been dying to graduate into Suzuki Book 2, so last week she decided to take matters into her own hands and learn a whole piece on her own. At her lesson this week, I was pleasantly surprised to hear Bach's Minuet No. 3 in its entirety! I asked her what she did to learn the piece all on her own, and here's what she had to say:


First and foremost, Ella listened to the Suzuki Violin recording A LOT to get the tune in her head. She listened very closely to the recording to see if her notes sounded the same. If she got stuck, she asked herself if the note on the recording was higher or lower then her violin playing. Ella also watched some YouTube videos to hear slower or faster versions of the piece. 

Note Reading

Ella referred to the music to figure out bowings, mystery notes, and to get an idea for the form of the piece. In 2nd grade, Mrs. Duran at Summit Country Day School taught her a trick to figure out note names- Every Good Boy Does Fine spells the line notes and FACE is for the spaces. If she came across an unfamiliar pitch, she used this trick to figure out the letter name! In order to find these unfamiliar notes on her violin, she did some really smart problem solving. She found a nearby note that she was familiar with, and counted up or down using the musical alphabet to find the mystery note. She found this strategy particularly useful for the high B in measure 17. She had never played this note before on the violin, but was able to find it all by herself by counting up the lines and spaces from the open E string.

Ella was determined to learn the whole song this week, and with some determination, daily practice, and help from her mom she was able to meet her goal! Now, she is just 2 songs away from graduating into Suzuki Book Two. It's amazing what you can accomplish when you set your mind to it. Way to go, Ella!

Benefits of Violin Group Class and Orchestra

I am a firm believer that private violin lessons are crucial for young violinists to succeed. Learning to hold the bow, and the instrument correctly takes years of focused practice and attention to detail. Developing a warm, ringing sound free of extraneous noise like scratches and squeaks is incredibly difficult! It is essentially impossible to do this with out a top notch teacher guiding you through the process. 

Cincinnati Violin Class

With that said, I must admit that private violin lessons alone are often not enough. Practicing by yourself day in and day out can become tedious and lack luster. I recommend to ALL of my students that they participate in a group activity. Learning to play your instrument with other people teaches a whole new skill set that improves one's overall level of musicianship. 


NKU String Project

 Ensemble playing teaches students how to work together with one another, and really listen to what's going on around them. It develops a sense of pride and responsibility for your peers. No one wants to be the stick in the mud in orchestra who plays the wrong note at the wrong time! Students are far more engaged in their practicing, when they know that the ensemble's success depends upon them. 



It's one thing to be able to listen carefully to your own playing when you are practicing by yourself. It's a whole other ball game when there are 50 other kids in the room, some playing your part and others playing totally different notes! Students learn to listen very carefully to how their part fits in with the rest of the group. Their ear develops to hear minute changes in pitch, leading to intonation improvements. They also learn to focus on several things at once, because you have to listen to yourself, your stand partner, your section, and all the different parts of the orchestra!



Lets face it, practicing by yourself everyday for years and years gets boring! When you join an ensemble, you develop friends that can last a lifetime. Undertaking a huge musical challenge is much more appealing when you are doing it with your friends!

If you are already enrolled in violin lessons, why note give ensemble playing a try? Here are just a few groups that my students belong to that I highly recommend:

Cincinnati Strings Violin Group Class

Northern Kentucky String Project

Cincinnati Symphony Youth Orchestra

4 Practice Games That Make Repetition Fun!

Violin, Cello and Piano Practice Games

We all know that practice makes perfect, but sometimes it's easier said than done! If there's a difficult passage in a song, or a new skill to master, the student can't just play it once and be finished. For true mastery, one must repeat the new skill over and over again until it becomes effortless.  For some kids, the idea of playing the same thing over and over again is torturous! Here are some practice techniques to help trick your little ones into endless repetition!

The Penny Game

This game encourages intense focus and maximum effort from the child. Choose a short passage that the student can play, but with occasional mistakes. The goal of the game is to win 3 pennies. Determine the passage you are going to play, and all of the things the student must do perfectly. This could be playing all the correct notes and rhythms, with the right fingerings AND dynamics. The task should be too difficult to accomplish on the first try, but not out of reach. 

In order to win the game, the student must play the passage, meeting all the established goals, 3 times in a row. After the first correct attempt, you give the child a penny. If the child makes a mistake on the 2nd or 3rd repetition, then you get to take all the pennies back! Every time a mistake is made, you have to go back to round one. The student must be totally focused and be able to play perfectly 3 times in a row in order to win all 3 pennies. 

Keep in mind that if you pick a task that is too difficult, this game gets frustrating very quickly! But, if you choose something that is too easy, the game is boring and not very helpful. Make sure you choose something that is within reach, but that the student consistently struggles with. This game is VERY useful to fix incorrect bowings, fingerings, accidentals, or lack of dynamics. Kids love the challenge, and you'll be amazed their increased focus and drive. Who knew that 3 pennies could be such a motivator?!

The Goofy Challenge

Every kid LOVES this game! Basically, I give them a license to be totally goofy, but only while playing what I ask as beautifully as possible. I come up with the challenges at first, but they can pick their own once they get in the swing of things. Challenges can include the following things: 

Stand on one foot

Switch feet!

Hop up and down while you play

Stick out your tongue

Close your eyes

Walk in a circle

Pretend you have the hiccups

All of these games can make kids forget that they are playing the same thing over and over, but hopefully bring a little laughter and joy into the practice room. Remember, practicing doesn't always have to be serious and hard work. 

Roll the Dice

I use dice in my teaching on a regular basis. Who doesn't love to have a chance to roll dice? We pick a passage to work on, and roll the dice to see how many repetitions they have to do. The most important rule for this game is that rolling a 1 or 2 never counts. For some reason, kids seem to accept the fact that they have to do what the dice says! They will argue with their teacher, or whine to their parents to try to get out of repeating something, but when the dice tells them how many times to repeat, they always do it! 

Go Fish

For this game, I write down several dynamic markings on tiny pieces of paper (pianissimo, piano, mezzo forte, forte, fortissimo), fold them up and put them in a "fish bowl" (any bowl, glass, cardboard box, etc. will do).  The student must "go fish" before each repetition, to determine how loud or soft they must play. If you are enthusiastic about their dynamics, the kids will happily play the same thing over and over again because they are no longer focused on the repetitions, but on the challenge of playing at different volumes. This game can also be played with different tempo markings.

Happy Practicing!

Dawson G. is the Newest Member of the 365 Day Practice Club!

Dawson G. is the Newest Member of the 365 Day Practice Club!

Violin Trophies

Congratulations to Dawson on his achievement of practicing every day for 365 days straight! He started daily practice soon after his first violin lesson and thanks to his diligent practice, he's now almost all the way through  Suzuki Violin Volume One. He even practiced on the night that he had to go to the hospital to get stitches! Here is a picture from our celebration after the fall recital. Congratulations Dawson, and keep on practicing!

Best Music Rhythm Learning App!

Rhythm Solitaire is possibly my all time favorite music education app, and at $0.99, it’s worth every penny! We all know how addicting Solitaire can be, and this music version in no different! The creators of Rhythm Solitaire made this game accessible to children by including upbeat music, fun colors and a star system that awards them for each completed pile of cards. Once you figure it out, it’s really fun to race against the clock! In my opinion, it is the most educational rhythm app out there.

RhySolitaire teaches students to recognize different note values ranging from sixteenth notes to whole notes. Students must learn to identify 8 different note values and 5 different rests, and must be able to place the cards in order from smallest note value to biggest note value. At the most basic level, kids are learning small notes vs. large notes. As their fluency increases, students demonstrate an understanding of note-rest equivalency when they are able to combine the notes with the rests in ascending and descending order,

With my youngest students, I play the majority of the game, but put them in charge of the smallest rest and biggest rest. I make a point to say each rhythm name as I move each card, and sometimes mention how many beats something gets. After just one or two games, I teach those students the order of the 5 rests, and put them in charge of all the rests. After just a few games, their ability to recognize rests has vastly improved!

For older students, I let them be in charge of all the notes and all the rests. We start with a 5 minute primer on note order, and they are usually good to go! Every time we play, I make a point of saying the rhythm names and the number of beats for each card.

I find that my students from ages 3-12 love this game, and beg to play it at the end of every violin lesson. It’s really a great reward for a well behaved lesson, because the students truly love playing it, and it really is educational! I cannot recommend RhySolitaire enough for my Suzuki violin and viola students!

Ciara's Practice Tips!

Violin Practice Tips

In her violin lesson last week, I started thinking about why 10 year old Ciara has shown steady and consistent progress over the last 2 years. Like most of us, Ciara and her family are very busy, and can't practice for hours and hours every single day. I totally get it- life does not revolve around your violin lessons!! So, why then is she so successful? I realized that it's not the quantity of her practice, it's the quality of her practice.  

I asked her to reflect on how she practices, and come up with a list of practice tips to share with other students. Here's what she had to say:

Practice Tips!!! By Ciara C.

1. Have an adult listen to you practice and read the music so they can point out any mistakes.

2. Don't rush if you have enough time for a lengthy practice.

3. If you are bored in public, air-bow the song you are doing.

4. Have fun with it! You can make up new songs and create dances to them too!

5. Don't stress over practice. Just take a deep breath, and do it over.

6. Listen to your teacher! Take notes of her/his feedback and try and catch your mistakes. :)


All of this is excellent advice, especially number 6!! Here is MY list of things Ciara does in her playing that leads to quality practice.

1) Focus! Pick one aspect of the piece to think about, like intonation, rhythm, sound quality, bowings, or dynamics. Ciara often focusses on bowings or holding notes their full length.

2. Simplify! If you play piano, practice one hand at a time. Violinists can simplify by taking out the rhythms or bowings and focussing on the left hand notes. 

3. Isolate! Determine where the real problem spot is, and only work on those few notes until the issue is resolved. Ciara often repeats small chunks 4 or more times to make sure they are solid.

4. Set realistic goals! Rome wasn't built in a day, so why should you expect yourself to master a piece in one week? If you are trying to increase your tempo, don't expect to go from metronome marking 60 to 150 over night! Make your goal 15 clicks each day, and by the end of the week, you'll be up to 150 without breaking a sweat.

4. If at first you don't succeed, try try again! Ciara is particularly good at staying patient and focussed when she is learning a new song. She never gives up when something is hard, and she definitely doesn't let frustration set in and get in her way!

5. Consistency! Ciara is really good at practicing whenever she can. She has a busy schedule, but whenever it's possible to practice, she fits it in her day. More importantly, she is consistently focussed every time she plays her violin. She doesn't just go through the motions and rush through her songs. She always tries her hardest to sound her best whenever she plays her violin!

Congrats, Ciara on developing some awesome practice habits, and thanks for sharing your advice! Happy practicing, everyone!

Congrats to All the Violin Recital Performers!

Congratulations to all of our students who performed in the Fall 2016 Violin Recital last weekend! We had students ranging in ages from 3 years old to 17, and a huge variety of musical genres and skill levels. Musical selections included J.S. Bach Double Violin Concerto, Pop Goes the Weasel, and Harry Potter. Check out some of the great performers below!

Our 1st Multi-Instrument 100 Day Practice Club Member!!

Congratulations to Claire for becoming the first City Strings & Piano 100 Day Practice Club Member for 2 different instruments!!

Violin and Piano lessons Cincinnati

Claire began her musical studies on Suzuki violin with Ms. Cara. She has practiced violin everyday for almost a year and a half! In her lesson last week, Claire learned the very last notes of Gossec Gavotte, and was able to play the entire piece with repeats! As soon as she has mastered the dynamics and low 2's, Claire will graduate from Suzuki Violin Book One!

Claire started piano lessons last Spring, and studies with Ms. Rebecca. In her 100 days of practicing, she completed Piano Pronto Book 1 and learned the song "Smooth Sailing" from the movie 'Up". She is learning all about how to use the piano pedals, and how to read bass and treble clef. 

Claire's piano lessons have really helped her violin playing and over all musicianship! Her note reading has improved tremendously for both instruments. She is also learning how to play the same song on two different instruments. In Suzuki Group Class, we have been working on a String Quartet arrangement of Beethoven's Fur Elise. Claire has the bass line in our arrangement, but now she knows how to play all of the notes in the piano version as well! Claire is inspired by her piano pieces, and requests that we perform string quartet versions in violin group class. It has been so awesome seeing Claire become a fantastic musician on two different instruments. Keep up the good work!

Great Note Reading App: My Note Games

We all know how difficult learning to read music can be. For Suzuki students who have learned mostly by ear, the introduction of sheet music often causes tears and frustration. It’s so much easier for them to play by ear, so why even try to read the notes?

Thank goodness for iphones and tablets! I have found apps to be the most enjoyable way for students to grasp the basics of music notation. Everything is more fun if it’s presented in game form! For many parents who don’t feel comfortable with their note reading skills, apps can really help guide them and their children through the learning process.

Music Apps

My Note Games is one of my all time favorite note reading apps! You can create multiple player accounts for each member of the family, and choose from a huge variety of instruments. There are 6 different games within the app, but I prefer playing  “Hear it, Note it!”, “Tap that Note!” and “Play that Note!”. The app is free to download from the Apple App Store, but I highly suggest paying the $6.99 for full access!


The first game that I use with my violin students is always “Hear it, Note it!”. This game is essentially a very easy form of dictation for students. A piano plays a short, simple progression of notes, and the student has to place the notes on the staff. I have found that this game teaches the “line/space” concept quite well. It also challenges the student to listen for ascending, descending, or unison note groupings. The student must recognize the aural pattern, and then learn how it translates into a visual representation on the staff. As you get better, the music becomes increasingly difficult, and incorporates different rhythms, ranges, and meters. Kids always have fun with this musical puzzle, and they love watching the cartoon figure of Beethoven in the game’s background!


“Tap that Note!” is another great game in MyNoteGames. You can choose from treble, alto, bass or tenor clef when you get started. The player has to tap the letter that corresponds with the note or notes on the staff. The game starts with just one note, so kids figure it out pretty quickly! At first, the game tells you the letter name of each new note to take out any guesswork. A piano also plays the pitches, while children’s voices exclaim the note name. When you complete a level, a shiny coin appears to indicate your score. As you progress, the game stops giving you hints, and the note progressions become longer and more challenging. This is one of my favorite apps because the creators have a really smart progression of adding new notes to the patterns, and gradually including larger and larger leaps from pitch to pitch. It is the perfect combination of challenge and fun!

“Play That Note!” is also a good game in MyNoteGames. The game starts by giving you one note to start. You must play that note on your violin in order to move on to the next note. The game has a great progression of notes, so the student is sure to master each pitch before another one is introduced. Each level starts with a simple pattern, which becomes increasingly more difficult and longer as the student progresses. One of the best features of this game is that it doesn’t recognize a pitch unless it’s played in tune. This can be tricky for beginner note readers, as their eyes are focused on the music, and not the tapes on their violin. My one caveat with this game is that it doesn’t always respond to the notes correctly, especially when you have the same note back to back. I recommend that my students play each note staccato, so that the app has a chance to recognize each pitch. Over all, this game can be very helpful to beginning students, but parental supervision is helpful because glitches in the game can be frustrating!   

100 Day Practice Club has Two More Members!

Suzuki Violin Group Class, Cincinnati

Congratulations to Samantha & Ella for earning their membership to the 100 Day Practice Club! The sisters take Suzuki Violin lessons in Cincinnati, OH with Ms. Cara. Over the last 100 days, both girls have accomplished a lot with there violin playing. I had the opportunity to reflect with the girls last week on all the progress they have made!

Ella has studied violin for a little over a year. She has learned a lot about bowing techniques, including circle bows,  up bows and down bows. Her most recent Suzuki song is "O Come, Little Children", which uses a very tricky "double up bow" pattern. Her bad habit this year has been a sloppy violin wrist. Her goal is to maintain awareness of her wrist position each and every time she plays, and it's starting to get better! Ella is most proud of 2 new songs, "Ba Ba Black Sheep" and "The Alphabet Song". Ella learned to play these songs all by herself without any help from her teacher or parents. Way to go Ella!

Samantha's violin playing has improved tremendously! In the past few months, she has mastered "Minuet 3" (her favorite song!), "The Happy Farmer",  and is currently finishing "Gavotte" by Gossec. In addition to her new repertoire, she has developed a loud and clear sound, tall violin fingers, and improved focus. She has made huge strides fighting her bad habits, which include a sloppy sounding point and raised bow pinky.

I'm so proud of the work Samantha and Ella have done in our Cincinnati Suzuki Violin Group Class! They always have awesome attitudes in class, and they have improved their note reading, ensemble playing, and leadership skills. Way to go, Girls!



Try the Review Challenge!

Violin Lessons

Regular practice of review pieces is important for all of our students, Suzuki and Traditional alike. It helps develop good tone and bow control, solidify intonation and practice memory, among many other things. But, convincing our kids of this can sometimes be a challenge! I've had several parents come to me with stories of practice struggles when it comes to review pieces. After all, it's just so fun to progress quickly on the new pieces! So, setting up a practice challenge for review pieces can be a good way to motivate the reluctant reviewer and remind them that review songs can be fun too!

The review challenge should be slightly different for each student, but can be based on the following. I like to go back to the beginning of a book and have the student earn 2 stars for each song after giving two recital quality performances of each. The practice partner or teacher should be the judge of what constitutes recital quality, and is different for everyone. This is a nice mini-goal that makes practicing review songs a challenge and a priority and might just help your child or student with intonation and bow control in the process!